Dallas, Texas is the largest city in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex and North Texas region. It is the county seat for Dallas County but also extends into Collin County, Denton County, Kaufman County and Rockwall County. It is the third largest city in Texas and one of the largest cities in the United States. Key industries in Dallas include banking, commerce, telecommunications, technology, energy, healthcare and medical research. Major national employers have local office including AT&T, Dean Foods, Texas Instruments, Southwest Airlines, Tenet Healthcare, Affiliated Computer Services, Atmos Energy and Comerica Bank. If you are looking for a Dallas employment attorney or Dallas divorce attorney you should contact my office to schedule a consultation.
The history is closely tied to its economic development as a railroad hub. In 1841 John Neely Bryan from Arkansas attempted to set up a settlement in what is now downtown. His first attempt was not successful but after peace was brokered with nearby Native American tribes settlers begin coming to Dallas and surrounding areas. Bryan enticed settlers from Bird’s Fort, in present-day Arlington, and other areas to come to Dallas. The city incorporated in 1856. In 1855 French utopian settlers founded a colony on the other side of the Trinity named La Reunion. This colony sat in the area of Oak Cliff immediately south of present-day downtown. It failed in 1857 and the skilled tradesmen from the colony came to Dallas. The town grew slowly until the arrival of railroads in North Texas and it connected in 1873.
The railroads provided an important role for Dallas in the south. It allowed the town to become a transportation hub and centerpoint to the Texas cotton market because Dallas is one of the few major economic centers in the nation without access to waterways. In the late nineteenth century it became the largest inland cotton market in the world. At one point Dallas provided one-third of all the cotton in the country. During this time period it annexed neighboring Oak Cliff and East Dallas.
The twentieth century sees changes in commercial and employment opportunities. Cotton remained an important industry into the middle of the century. In the 1930s oil was discovered around Texas and the city became the center of the petroleum market in the state. World War 2 brought aerospace manufacturing and telecommunications. Telecommunications has remained an important part of the local economy since. The 1970s saw an economic boom in the DFW area and the real estate boom of the late 1970s and early 1980s arrived in full effect. However, the 1980s recession hit hard and continued to depress the local economy through the 1990s. The economy improved through the 2000s and 2010s with support of the telecommunications and technology industries. Today it is once again growing employment opportunities and citizens.
The city receives services from its city government and the numerous counties in which is lies. Students primarily attend Dallas ISD but parts of the city fall into other school districts including Carrollton–Farmers Branch ISD, Duncanville ISD, Garland ISD, Highland Park ISD, Mesquite ISD, Plano ISD and Richardson ISD. It is also home to several private schools.