Grapevine, Texas is a mid-sized suburb of Fort Worth primarily in Tarrant County with small portions in Denton County and Dallas County. Grapevine is part of the Dallas/Fort Worth metroplex and the larger North Texas region. It is near DFW Airport and surrounded by the cities of Coppell, Euless, Southlake, Flower Mound, Irving and Hurst. It’s business is diverse with significant sectors in tourism.
The town’s history dates back to the early settlement of North Texas. In 1843 Texas Commissioners camped at Grape Vine Springs to broker a deal with local Native American tribes for safe settlement by Anglo-Americans. Shortly after settlers began arriving and formed a settlement early on known as Grape Vine. The name arises from the mustang grapes that grow naturally in the area. These grapes are intensely acidic and cannot be consumed like table grapes or made into typical wine like wine grapes. In 1845 a settlement near Grape Vine developed known as Dunnville which competed later for the official name of Grapevine.
The town developed primarily as a farming community although it had a small and developing downtown early in its history. Cotton was the main crop into the early twentieth century when it lost out to cantaloupe, which remained the chief crop in Grapevine until the 1970s. In 1860 Lucas Funeral begins business and remains in business on Main Street (in addition to other locations around DFW). Rail service arrives in 1881. In 1914 the post office formally accepts Grape Vine as the official name for the town but condenses it to Grapevine. In 1934 an associate of Bonnie & Clyde kill two policemen near the intersection of Dove and Highway 114. The town incorporated in 1936.
The 1950s brings Grapevine Lake and some post-World War 2 growth as suburban sprawl pushes people further away from the city centers in Fort Worth and Dallas. However, rapid growth did not begin until the 1970s with construction of DFW Airport. In 1985 the town celebrates its first Main Street Days, celebrating the historic and preserved downtown Main Street strip.
Although Grapevine today has an association with wine and wine grapes this identity is relatively new. Seeking to take advantage of the name Grapevine, vinters and wine dealers lobbied the city to permit wine sales. In 1994 the town approved wine sales and zoning for wine industry. This led to Delaney Vineyards to set up shop on highway 121. Today there are several wineries in Grapevine although not all grow wine grapes on their property.
Grapevine is served by its city government and Tarrant County, Denton County and Dallas County, respectively. Students primarily attend the Grapevine-Colleyville ISD although small portions of the city fall into Carroll ISD, Lewisville ISD and Coppell ISD.